Virulence determinants and biofilm production among Trueperella pyogenes recovered from abscesses of captive forest musk deer
Trueperella pyogenes (formerly Arcanobacterium) is commonly isolated from domesticated or wild ruminants as an opportunistic pathogen. To investigate the role of virulence determinants (VDs) and biofilm production in T. pyogenes isolates, a total of 36 T. pyogenes were collected from abscesses of forest musk deer in Miyaluo Farm (Sichuan Province, China). The prevalence of VDs and associations with clonal types, antibiotic resistance and biofilm production were analyzed by PCR and bioassay. Finally, T. pyogenes isolates were separated into three clonal types based on the DNA fingerprinting of BOX-PCR. Isolates with less VDs obtained from sick forest musk deer were mainly belonged to Type 1, and the isolates with robust VD repertoire obtained from dead forest musk deer were included in Type 3. Accordingly, resistant isolates exhibited significant lower virulence than susceptible ones. Majority of T. pyogenes isolates of this study were capable of producing a biofilm. However, no VDs presence and antibiotic resistance were statistically associated with biofilm production. In conclusion, the current study demonstrated that T. pyogenes was probably the primary pathogen of abscesses in the forest musk deer. Moreover, as an animal origin pathogen, the increasing resistance of T. pyogenes isolates could also associate with a decreased virulence.
Cite: Kelei Zhao, Yongqiang Tian, Bisong Yue, Hongning Wang, Xiuyue Zhang (2013) Virulence determinants and biofilm production among Trueperella pyogenes recovered from abscesses of captive forest musk deer. Archives of Microbiology. 195 (3) : 203-209.
期刊杂志: Archives of Microbiology